Sexually transmitted diseases are more prevalent than ever. If you’ve been diagnosed with an STD, it’s important to know your treatment options. For certain STDs, there is medication available. Other STDs offer no cure; however, you can manage the symptoms. Learn more about common STDs and the treatment options.
A Look Into HIV/AIDS
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the CD4 cells that are found in your immune system, weakening its ability to fight infection. If you do not treat HIV, it can transform into AIDS, also known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is more aggressive than HIV and can do much more damage to your immune system and cause secondary infections.
HIV and AIDS are not curable; however, you can participate in antiretroviral therapy (ART) to manage the symptoms. This therapy provides medication to the participant which can keep the virus levels at a minimum, so your immune system has a chance to fight infection. The medication can lower the chance of spreading this infection to your partners.
A Glimpse Into Syphilis
Syphilis is a serious bacterial infection that is very contagious. The first sign of syphilis is a small sore that is found on the genitals, mouth, or rectum. If this open sore comes into contact with another person, your partner can contract syphilis, as the bacterial infection is easily transferred via skin or mucous membrane. The most common way to transfer syphilis to your partner is through sexual activity.
The early stages of syphilis can be treated with a shot of penicillin. If this STD goes unnoticed and untreated, it will develop into more serious stages. As it develops, it can negatively affect your organs, bones, joints, eyes, blood vessels, and other vital parts of your body. If you notice a sore on your genital area, do not ignore it. Get tested to determine what it is and participate in treatment.
A Glance Into Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis is a common STD that is caused by the trichomonas vaginalis parasite. The parasite infects the lower genital area, causing foul-smelling vaginal discharge, painful urinations, and itching. This infection can spread easily through unprotected sex and having sex with multiple partners.
As with most STDs, if left untreated, serious health issues may ensue. It’s vital to seek treatment if you suspect trichomoniasis. If your test comes back positive for trichomoniasis, an oral antibiotic can be prescribed which will eliminate the parasite and protect your body from more serious issues.
How Women’s Clinic of Atlanta Can Help
Unfortunately, Georgia ranks high among the U.S. states for STD rates. To fight this raging STD war and protect your health, it’s important to be checked every six months for STDs if you are sexually active with an unknown partner, if you are entering a new sexual relationship, or if you have multiple sexual partners.